Sam did his PhD at the University of St Andrews. His PhD which involved a lot of fieldwork across several habitats in Nigeria investigated some prevailing hypotheses about the factors influencing the distribution and density of Palearctic migrants in the Afrotropics. Since completing his PhD in 2015, Sam returned and has been working at the A.P. Leventis Ornithological Research Institute (APLORI) in Jos, Nigeria as a Research & Teaching Fellow. More recently, Sam has also been managing the Nigeria Bird Atlas Project (NiBAP) – a citizen science project seeking to promote public participation in updating information about the distribution and natural history of birds and biodiversity in Nigeria. Sam will like to see improved capacity for the conservation of Afro-Palearctic migrants as well as Afrotropical resident birds in Africa and enjoys contributing to the capacity building work at APLORI.